Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2018, Page: 1-3
Benign Migratory Glossitis: Case Report and Literature Review
Sarfaraz Khan, Oral Surgery Department, Pakistani Field Hospital, Darfur, Sudan
Syed Asif Haider Shah, Military Dental Centre, Combined Military Hospital, Gujranwala, Pakistan
Muhammad Ishaq, Department of Dermatology, Pakistani Field Hospital, Darfur, Sudan
Received: Dec. 28, 2017;       Accepted: Jan. 29, 2018;       Published: Mar. 2, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijcoms.20180401.11      View  1288      Downloads  80
Benign migratory glossitis (BMG) is a benign, usually asymptomatic mucosal lesion of dorsal surface of the tongue, characterized by depapillated erythematous patches separated by white irregular borders. Etiology of BMG is unknown. Risk factors include psoriasis, fissured tongue, diabetes mellitus, hypersensitivity and psychological factors. We report BMG in an Egyptian soldier of UN peace keeping force, with stress as a possible etiological factor and provide literature review of this disorder. Symptomatic cases need to be treated by use of corticosteroids for relief of symptoms, along with correction of the cause.
Geographic Tongue, Benign Migratory Glossitis, Erythema Migrans
To cite this article
Sarfaraz Khan, Syed Asif Haider Shah, Muhammad Ishaq, Benign Migratory Glossitis: Case Report and Literature Review, International Journal of Clinical Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2018, pp. 1-3. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcoms.20180401.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Picciani BL, Domingos TA, Teixeira-Souza T, Santos Vde C, Gonzaga HF, Cardoso- Oliveira J, Gripp AC, Dias EP, Carneiro S. Geographic tongue and psoriasis: clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical and genetic correlation - a literature review. An Bras Dermatol. 2016; 91: 410-21.
Najafi S, Gholizadeh N, Akhavan Rezayat E, Kharrazifard MJ. Treatment of Symptomatic Geographic Tongue with Triamcinolone Acetonide Alone and in Combination with Retinoic Acid: A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Dent (Tehran). 2016 ; 13: 23-8.
Goswami M, Verma A, Verma M. Benign migratory glossitis with fissured tongue. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2012; 30: 173-5.
Honarmand M, Farhad ML, Shirzaiy M, Sehhatpour M. Geo­graphic Tongue and Associated Risk Factors among Iranian Dental Patients. Iran J Public Health. 2013; 42: 215-9.
Jahanbani J, Sandvik L, Lyberg T, Ahlfors E. Evaluation of oral mucosal lesions in 598 referred Iranian patients. Open Dent J. 2009; 3: 42–7.
Jones KB, Jordan R. White lesions in the oral cavity: clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2015; 34: 161-70.
Greenbreg M, Glick M, Ship J. Burkets Oral Medicine. 12th ed. BC Deker; London: 2008. pp. 103–4.
Indhumathi S, Rajappa M, Chandrashekar L, Ananthanarayanan PH, Thappa DM, Negi VS. The HLA-C*06 allele as a possible genetic predisposing factor to psoriasis in South Indian Tamils. Arch Dermatol Res. 2016; 308: 193-9.
Gorgen M, Melikoglu M, Ozkan M, Erdem T. Predisposition of allergy in patients with benign migratory glossitis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2010; 110: 470–4.
Zargari O. The prevalence and significance of fissured tongue and geographical tongue in psoriatic patients. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2006; 2: 192‑5.
Neville B, Damm D, Allen C, Bouquot J. Oral& Maxillofacial Pathology. 7th ed. W. B. Sanders co; London: 2002. pp. 677–9.
Redman RS, Vance FL, Gorlin RJ, Peagler FD, Meskin LH. Psychological component in the etiology of geographic tongue. J Dent Res. 1966; 45: 1403-8.
Gonzaga HF, Chaves MD, Gonzaga LH, Picciani BL, Jorge MA, Dias EP, Tomimori J. Environmental factors in benign migratory glossitis and psoriasis: retrospective study of the association of emotional stress and alcohol and tobacco consumption with benign migratory glossitis and cutaneous psoriasis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2015; 29: 533-6.
Browse journals by subject