Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2018, Page: 42-47
Retromicrogenia Surgery by Double-Stage Genioplasty: Technical Note
Mabika Bredel Djeri Djor, Oral and Maxillo-facial Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Aziz Zakaria, Oral and Maxillo-facial Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Garango Allaye, Oral and Maxillo-facial Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Ngoua Lysette, Oral and Maxillo-facial Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Lahmiti Saad, Oral and Maxillo-facial Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Mansouri Nadia Hattab, Oral and Maxillo-facial Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Received: Sep. 11, 2018;       Accepted: Oct. 15, 2018;       Published: Nov. 10, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijcoms.20180402.12      View  141      Downloads  13
Abstract
The purpose of this work is to describe the technique of double-stage genioplasty and to bring out its interest in the important retromicrogenia l and its feasibility in the context. The study provides a descriptive and cross sectional study with prospective data collection, conducted in the department of Maxillofacial and Aesthetic Surgery of the Mohammed 6 Teaching Hospital of Marrakech, on two patients who have benefited a double-stage genioplasty. These are two clinical cases of retromicrogenia. The first (patient1) is subject to temporo-mandibular ankylosis, and the second (patient2) is subject to congenital with growth disorders of the dental arch, a tendency to class-II skeletal patterns, pro-alveoli, swallowing problems, and occurrence of recurrent mouth infections due to poor oral hygiene. They were treated, respectively, with double-stage genioplasty only and a combined procedure of double-stage genioplasty associated with Wassmund osteotomy at the same time. The patients were female, young on average 24 years of age. The average duration of the intervention was 1h10 minutes; the mandibular advances were on average 8mm per fragment. The dental articulation and the projection of the chin were satisfactory. Retromicrogenia is a rare pathology, the source of functional and morphologic complications. “Double-stage” advancement genioplasty is the treatment of choice. It allows a necessary advancement for a good reflection of the chin, and remains a simple technique, minimal, and ensuring good aesthetic and functional results over the long term.
Keywords
Genioplasty, Major Retromicrogenia, Double Stage Osteotomy, Projection of Chin
To cite this article
Mabika Bredel Djeri Djor, Aziz Zakaria, Garango Allaye, Ngoua Lysette, Lahmiti Saad, Mansouri Nadia Hattab, Retromicrogenia Surgery by Double-Stage Genioplasty: Technical Note, International Journal of Clinical Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2018, pp. 42-47. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcoms.20180402.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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